EU Compliance Evolves
General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) proposed by the European Commission will strengthen and unify data protection for individuals within the European Union (EU),
whilst addressing the export of personal data outside the EU.
The announcement of an agreement to finalize GDPR was made in December 2015 and following a vote by the EU parliament,
the compliance deadline for GDPR was set for May 2018.
The GDPR requirements, as well as the amount of internal collaboration that will be needed to address them,
means organizations need to plan for compliance now.
The primary objective of the GDPR is to give citizens back control of their personal data. Once GDPR takes effect it will harmonize previous and other data protection regulations throughout the EU.
GDPR Compliance Requirements
This EU compliance regulation will have a far-reaching impact for organizations throughout the world.
With the demise of Safe Harbor, U.S. companies that export and handle the personal data of European citizens will also need to comply with the new requirements put forth or be subject to the same consequences.
If your organization suffers a data breach, under the new EU compliance standard, the following may apply depending on the severity of the breach:
- Your organization must notify the local data protection authority and potentially the owners of the breached records
- fines of up to 4% of global turnover or €20 million
The chances of being fined are also reduced if the organization is able to demonstrate a “ Secure Breach” has taken place.
To address the GDPR compliance requirements, organizations may need to employ one or more different encryption methods within both their on-premises and cloud infrastructure environments, including the following:
- Servers, including via file, application, database, and full disk virtual machine encryption.
- Storage, including through network-attached storage and storage area network encryption.
- Media, through disk encryption.
- Networks, for example through high-speed network encryption.
In addition, strong key management is required to not only protect the encrypted data but to ensure the deletion of files and comply with a user’s right to be forgotten.
Organizations will also need a way to verify the legitimacy of user identities and transactions and to prove compliance. It is critical that the security controls in place be demonstrable and auditable.
No single solution will make an organization GDPR compliant. The regulation is too broad – covering everything from governance to contractual obligations.